British Columbia (BC) is on the leading edge of what is likely to be a major wave of local government innovation to address climate change in Canada. In response to the threat of anthropogenic climate change, the province has introduced innovative policies that go far beyond those in other North American jurisdictions. These policies have created a unique research opportunity: the province will be a ‘living laboratory’ of policy innovation for CO2 mitigation at the municipal and regional scales.
The MC3 project brings together researchers, practitioners and policy-makers from non-governmental organizations, provincial ministries, and three of BC's universities to make the most of this rare opportunity. MC3 will identify emerging best practices and innovations in community climate change responses, develop strategies to share policy innovations, facilitate peer-to-peer learning exchanges, and stimulate the widespread knowledge mobilization needed to move communities beyond the changes required by current legislation and policies.
Climate Action Agenda
This Agenda summarizes MC3’s major research outcomes and provides twelve recommendations for BC decision-makers, for the purposes of stimulating more innovation and implementation of climate change adaptation and mitigation over the next three years and into the future.
Case Study Releases
The City of Victoria is a community of 78,000 people located on the Southern tip of Vancouver Island. An aging citizen population and aged infrastructure, combined with the economic downturn, reinforced the need for anticipatory planning in order to minimize potential costs and risks arising from climate and energy uncertainty.
Carbon Neutral Kootenays (CNK) began in 2008, when the Regional Districts of Central Kootenay, East Kootenay, and Kootenay Boundary connected with the Columbia Basin Trust to collaboratively prepare a carbon neutral action strategy.
The City of Surrey is a rapidly growing municipality in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. Through the lens of sustainability and energy resilience, Surrey is pursuing a suite of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Revelstoke is a small community with a land area of around 31.9 sq. km and a population estimated at 7,329. Though modest in size, Revelstoke has a long history of community planning that is carried out with significant public input.
T’Sou-ke is located on the southwest end of Vancouver Island. T’Sou-ke Nation consists of approximately 250 members, 150 of which live on the reserve, in 96 residences. The T’Sou-ke community traditionally has been economically involved in forestry and fishing industries; however, recently, T’Sou-ke has become a leader in community-based renewable energy.
The City of Vancouver is the largest municipality in British Columbia and is located in the southeastern corner of the province, bounded to the west and north by Burrard Inlet and to the south by the Fraser River (a major shipping route). The City of Vancouver embeds a long-standing political and popular culture of awareness of and attention to the risks of climate change and an overall ethos and identification with environmental urbanism.
Prince George is a city of approximately 72,000 residents located at the confluence of the Fraser and Nechako rivers. Beginning in 2007, Prince George undertook a suite of initiatives designed to address environmental issues, with a particular focus on energy efficiency and climate change.
Eagle Island is a community of 30 homes, located within the municipality of West Vancouver. Through organizing local gatherings, obtaining funding and forming a partnership with local firefighters, Eagle Island resident Tarah Stafford led efforts that increased the energy efficiency of 26 homes on the Island.
Dawson Creek’s oil and gas industry is a major contributor to the city’s economy; however, in the midst of this industry, the City has developed some of the most innovative climate change and sustainability-related initiatives in BC.
In 2002, the City of North Vancouver engaged in the process of writing its Official Community Plan, and sustainability was a central tenet of the plan. The OCP contains definitions of sustainability, livability, and ‘complete community’.
Campbell River is a small community located on the north-east coast of Vancouver Island. Spurred by Federal and Provincial regulation (notably, provincial climate change policy) and a growing acknowledgement of the importance of sustainability planning, Campbell River began a path in 2009 towards developing a more environmentally, economically and socially sustainable community.